THE RISK COMPENSATION THEORY OF ACCIDENT CAUSATION AND ITS PRACTICAL CONSEQUENCES FOR ACCIDENT PREVENTION
No abstract provided.
- Paper presented at the Osterreichische Gesellschaft for Unfallchirurgie, Annual Meeting, 7-9 October, 1976, Salsburg. 711A The purpose of the experiment was twofold: (1) to compare various secondary tasks on their sensitivity to driving under different conditions: downtown, in a residential area, on a two-lane highway, and on a four-lane highway, and (2) to verify the hypothesis that, despite variations in traffic conditions, a driver attempts to keep his level of mental load as constant as possible. After the drivers' responses had been analyzed per segment of one-eighth of a mile in each of the four road environments, they were reanalyzed in chunks of four-minute time units. Again subsidiary task performance was compared between the different traffic environments. As predicted, it was found that dual task performance scored on a temporal basis was much less variable between different roads and streets. In fact, analyses of variance produced a dramatically greater degree of significance for discriminati
Queen's University, OntarioDepartment of Psychology
Kingston, Ontario Canada K7L 3N6
- Wilde, G J
- Publication Date: 1976-10
- Features: Figures; References;
- Pagination: 40 p.
- TRT Terms: Crash causes; Driver performance; Drivers; Four lane highways; Hazards; Personnel performance; Prevention; Residential areas; Risk assessment; Safety; Two lane highways
- Subject Areas: Highways; Safety and Human Factors; Security and Emergencies;
- Accession Number: 00153858
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Sep 28 1977 12:00AM