PASSIVE AND ACTIVE RESTRAINT SYSTEMS-PERFORMANCE AND BENEFIT/COST COMPARISON
Five different systems-mandatory harness, airbag +20% lap belt usage, airbag, passive three point harness, and torso and knee bar-are analyzed for fatality and injury reduction, benefit/cost ratio, and cost- effectiveness. The mandatory harness is superior to the others in all comparisons with approximately 100,000 lives saved over the first 10 years which is about twice as many as would be saved by the other systems. A major advantage of the mandatory harness is that partically all of the vehicles are equipped while the other systems will require 10 years for complete installation. /Author/
- This paper was presented at the Automotive Engineering Congress and Exposition, Detroit, Michigan, February 24-28, 1975.
Warrendale, PA United States 15096
- PATRICK, L M
- Publication Date: 1975-2
- Features: Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 14 p.
- TRT Terms: Air bags; Benefit cost analysis; Fatalities; Injuries; Manual safety belts; Passive restraint systems; Restraint systems; Shoulder harnesses; Traffic crashes
- Old TRIS Terms: Occupant restraint; Shoulder harness
- Subject Areas: Highways; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00152980
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: SAE 750389
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: May 31 1977 12:00AM