INJURY SEVERITY FACTORS-TRAFFIC PEDESTRIAN COLLISIONS

The injuries of pedestrians involved in collisions with motor vehicles are analyzed in order to detect relationships between injury severity and documented observations. Data on pedestrian injury and involvement were revieed in order to correlate injuries with pedestrian age, area of body contacted, vehicle or environment contact surface, and impact speeds. The objective was to obtain knowledge to evaluate vehicle design and configurations as a possible means of reducing the severity of injuries inflicted upon the pedestrian when contacted by a motor vehicle. Some of the findings are: a) impact speed dominates the variables which were explored to determine the injury mechanisms for pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions, b) there is a strong relationship between injury severity and a body area - contracting surface interactive factor, c) injuries to the head have higher probabilities of having critical severity as compared to the other body areas, d) highway and environmental surfaces contacted as secondary impacts to the pedestrian generate lower injury severities, e) fractured necks were observed as a fatal injury in a large percentage of the fatalities, f) pedestrian age may have a minor influence upon the resulting injury severity. /HSRI/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Proceedings of the International Automotive Engineering Congress and Exposition, 28 Feb-4 March 1977 Detroit, Michigan.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)

    400 Commonwealth Drive
    Warrendale, PA  United States  15096
  • Authors:
    • THARP, K J
    • Tsongos, N G
  • Publication Date: 1977

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 10 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00152946
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
  • Report/Paper Numbers: SAE 770093
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 31 1977 12:00AM