The Research Vehicle (RSV) program encompasses safety, economy, resource conservation and emissions relative to automobiles appropriate for the U.S. economy in the latter 1980's. The Calspan/Chrysler approach is based upon derivation of the RSV from a current advanced state-of-the-art production automobile. Adoption of a base vehicle approach provides a framework for introducing incremental changes in vehicle design consistent with program goals and typical automotive production constraints. Characteristics of candidate materials, from the standpoints of availability, vehicle weight and potential recovery, have played an important role in shaping the RSV design. Base vehicle characteristics with respect to general layout -- engine/driveline occupant packaging, cargo capacity -- are reviewed beiefly. Base vehicle packaging efficiency is demonstrated; run-flat tires, proposed for the RSV, would further increase this efficiency. Two general alternative paths with respect to materials conservation are inspected -- design for long life vs. design for recovery and reuse of primary materials. Anticipated continuous changes in vehicle design (in response to requirements for increased fuel economy) and introduction of non-petroleum propelled vehicles in the latter part of the century appear to favor a recycling strategy. Problems attendant to recycling are considered after the magnitude of automotive materials demand is reviewed. The magnitude of passenger car demand for major materials is generated from estimates of car production and composition. These are compared to projected overall demands and reserves to establish the necessity for conservation. Estimates of the resource content of obsolete vehicles indicate the potential for recycling. Some of the problems associated with efficient recycling are pointed out and the results of a shredding experiment are described. Finally, the design related material changes that convert that base vehicle to the RSV are identified and related to recycling efficiency. /Author/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Presented at the 6th International ESV Conference, Arlington, Virginia.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Calspan Corporation

    4455 Genesee Street
    Buffalo, NY  United States  14225
  • Authors:
    • MILLER, P M
    • DuWaldt, F A
  • Publication Date: 1976-10

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 32 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00152384
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 31 1977 12:00AM