EVALUATION OF RAISED PAVEMENT MARKERS FOR ROADWAY DELINEATION DURING FOG
The feasibility of using reflex reflective devices and materials for roadway delineation and vehicle guidance during fog was investigated, with emphasis on the nighttime visibility characteristics. Also, consideration was given to various experimental methods of marker placement for roadway delineation and to protecting the markers from snowplow damage. Two types of corner-cube raised markers were placed along the highway edge line on 20-ft. (6.1 m) centers. In one placement concept, snowplowable and non-snowplowable markers were placed on the pavement surface; in a second concept, the markers were recessed below the pavement surface in grooves. The marking systems were subjectively evaluated by observing the legibility properties during fog and noting the number of markers visible. Based on the observations, the raised pavement markers were thought to provide sufficient nighttime roadway delineation for vehicle guidance during light to medium density fogs. Although data were not available for dense fog, it is felt that adequate delineation would be provided for such fog conditions. The method of grooving the pavement in the vicinity of the edge line for the purpose of recessing the markers to provide snowplowability was found to be feasible, providing adequate drainage is provided and a groove is placed in front of the marker. The length of the groove depends upon the reflectivity-distance requirements.
- Record URL:
- Sponsored in part by Virginia Dept. of Highways and Transportation, Richmond, and Virginia Univ., Charlottesville.
Virginia Highway and Transportation Research CouncilCharlottesville, VA United States
Washington, DC United States 20590
Virginia Department of HighwaysTraffic and Planning Division, 1221 East Broad Street
Richmond, VA United States 23219
University of Virginia, CharlottesvilleCenter for Transportation Studies, P.O. Box 400742
Charlottesville, VA United States 22904-4742
- Shepard, F D
- Publication Date: 1976-10
- Pagination: 28 p.
- TRT Terms: Drivers; Durability; Fog; Highway delineators; Highway design; Highway traffic control; Night; Pavement grooving; Pavements; Reflective signs; Reflectivity; Road markings; Shape; Snowplows; Traffic safety; Vehicle safety; Visibility; Vision
- Uncontrolled Terms: Configuration; Reflectance
- Old TRIS Terms: Driver vision; Highway delineation; Markers; Reflector markers; Traffic marking; Vehicular safety
- Subject Areas: Highways; Operations and Traffic Management; Pavements; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00151729
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA/VA-77/R21 Final Rpt., VHTRC-77-R21
- Files: NTIS, NTL, TRIS, USDOT, STATEDOT
- Created Date: Apr 27 1977 12:00AM