WORK TRAVEL ANALYSIS OF SELECTED SMALL AREAS
A total of 22 areas were investigated with respect to work travel patterns. For the areas studied, the employment self-sufficiency of an area appeared to be related to the cost and ease of travel to the Chicago CBD and to the presence or absence of a local employment base. Easier access to downtown Chicago seemed to be associated with lower levels of self-sufficiency, since such areas are a more attractive place of residence for Chicago-bound commuters. Also, these areas are better able to take advantage of shopping and other services in Chicago, resulting in a lower level of local business development. However, for areas with very poor access (such as the dormitory suburbs in Group V), also there may not have developed much of a local economy or employment base because of poor accessibility to Chicago. For the areas studied the portion of workers leveling their general area of residence to go to work ranged between 20 and 80 percent. The satellite cities saw the lowest percentages leaving the home area, the dormitory suburbs saw the largest. The other suburban areas studied fell between these two groups. Trip lengths were long for the dormitory suburbs, and short for the satellite cities and the areas within Chicago. The other suburbs showed trip lengths between these extremes. The analysis showed that the Chicago-Northwestern Indiana Region is not a homogenous area. Even the usual categorization of city versus suburbs may often be misleading. There are a variety of suburban types just in terms of where residents work. In addition similar patterns of work-place location may derive from different combinations of characteristics of the home area. Such diversity must not be overlooked in the course of planning transportation facilities for the vast Chicago- Northwestern Indiana Region.
Chicago Area Transportation Study300 West Adams Street
Chicago, IL USA 60606
Northwestern Indiana Regional Planning Commission8149 Kennedy Avenue
Highland, IN USA 46322
- Publication Date: 1976-4
- Features: Figures; Tables;
- Pagination: 41 p.
- TRT Terms: Central business districts; Employment; Regional transportation; Small cities; Suburbs; Transportation planning; Travel patterns; Trip length; Work trips
- Subject Areas: Highways; Planning and Forecasting;
- Accession Number: 00150436
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Apr 27 1977 12:00AM