INFLUENCE OF IMPACT SPEED AND VEHICLE PARAMETER ON INJURIES OF CHILDREN AND ADULTS IN PEDESTRIAN ACCIDENTS

The authors of this paper draw attention to the growing problem of pedestrian protection. Results of accident investigations show the following trends: (1) very heavy cars and very light cars are relatively seldom involved in pedestrian accidents; (2) up to 40 km/h, drivers underestimate the impact speed; (3) the mean impact speed in fatal and non fatal pedestrian accidents is 34 km/h; (4) pedestrians are usually hit from the side; (5) the distance children are thrown is 26% longer compared to adults. For most of the investigated parameters such as impact speed, car shape, car weight, pedestrian size and age, tendencies can be evaluated. Other parameters, like size of car, have to be investigated in the future. /TRRL/

  • Corporate Authors:

    IRCOBI (International Research Council on the Biokinetics of Impacts)

    109 Avenue Salvador Allende
    Bron CEDEX,   France  F-69675
  • Authors:
    • Appel, H
    • Stuertz, G
    • Gotzen, L
  • Publication Date: 1975-9

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 83-100
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00134137
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Analytic
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 9 1977 12:00AM