THE RESPONSE OF THE OIL INDUSTRY TO THE PROBLEMS OF POLLUTION OF THE SEA FROM SHIPS
A history of Oil Companies International Marine Forum, whose members operate in most areas of the world and handle about 85% of all oil shipped by sea, is presented and its objectives to promote practical measures for protecting the marine environment and the safe and efficient handling of oil cargoes are outlined. A United Kingdom government report estimates the main source of oil pollution is oil discharged by 20% of the world's tanker fleet which does not use the LOT procedure and creates 90% of the operational pollution from tankers. Measures to control operational pollution include inspections at the loading port, shore reception facilities, cleaning of tankers at discharge ports, and oil-in-water monitoring. Controlling accidental pollution includes greater attention to personnel training using simulators and radar facilities, advanced automation, improved maneuverability, bridge control of engines, collision avoidance radars, and segregated ballast tankers. The petroleum industry's existing compensation schemes for oil pollution, benefits of ratification of the 1973 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, are discussed. Problem areas considered are provision of shore reception facilities for oily ballast especially in geographical areas of short crude hauls, monitoring and control of oil discharged from ships, and the supervision of compliance with the requirements of the convention.
- Proceedings of the Petroleum and Environmental Conservation Conference, held in Teheran, Iran, April 7-9, 1975.
International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA), London, ZZ N/A
- Walder, C A
- Publication Date: 1975
- Pagination: p. 199-213
- TRT Terms: Oil spill cleanup; Oil spills; Pollution control; Tankers; Waste disposal; Wastewater; Water pollution; Water quality management
- Old TRIS Terms: Oil spill control; Oily ballast water; Tanker pollution prevention; Vessel wastes; Water pollution (Sewage); Water pollution prevention
- Subject Areas: Environment; Marine Transportation;
- Accession Number: 00139781
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Pollution Abstracts
- Report/Paper Numbers: Proceeding
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Oct 6 1976 12:00AM