This article describes the difficult road transport situation in the Russian city of Archangelsk, and the city's ARKHTRANS plan for improving its transport system and public transport. Only 82% of the city's roads and streets have pavements, which are in too poor a condition to meet growing traffic and public transport demands. The city's tram, trolleybus, bus, and water tram public transport systems cater for 90% of its public transport, and their use has risen by 36% during the last five years. The systems are overloaded and undermaintained due to shortage of finance, and the resulting increase in car use has caused road safety and environmental problems. Analysis by Russian and Finnish experts showed the need for development and cooperation in planning, and developing a new transport system for the city. This led to the city's proposal of its ARKHTRANS programme to the TACIS (Technical Assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States) programme of the European Union. ARKHTRANS has two parts: (1) a transport system plan, combining land use planning and transport planning into one interactive process, using Western technology and experience; and (2) a first aid programme for public transport, whose first priority is to use existing facilities most efficiently.


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  • Accession Number: 00729843
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Dec 26 1996 12:00AM