This chapter reviews the relationship between the airline industry and the environment in general terms. Relevant environmental issues include: noise, waste, congestion, fuel efficiency, emissions, and the effects of tourism. The industry has responded to the major disturbance of aircraft noise to people living around airports by introducing measures to reduce aircraft noise at source, and by making every effort to avoid unnecessary night movements. In waste saving, environmental interests coincide with financial interests. Airports are liable to suffer from congestion on the ground, which can be partially alleviated by making airports more accessible, and congestion in the air due to 'stacking', which wastes much fuel. Civil aviation has an outstanding record in improving its fuel efficiency; this has been largely due to the increase in the efficiency of jet engines. The most important emissions from aircraft are carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and jettisoned fuel. Tourism has many environmental impacts. Aviation has many international, national, and self-regulatory environmental regulations, which can be improved in several ways. New aircraft development needs to be integrated with an environmentally effective infrastructure. For the covering abstract, see IRRD 885112.

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    OXFORD,   United Kingdom  OX2 6DP
  • Authors:
    • Somerville, H
  • Publication Date: 1996


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 00729828
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-19-854934-2
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Dec 26 1996 12:00AM