This chapter examines how the railways can contribute to sustainable development, what they must do to attract more passengers, and the policy challenge that they face. Rail can be especially effective in areas where congestion and pollution are most acute, and for longer-distance passenger and freight journeys. Trains make more effective use of energy for motion, especially if loaded, and can use different power sources. Railways have continually adapted to technological and market opportunities in the face of strong competition, and have developed a cost-effective network. Their resources are being used increasingly well, while their services are being extended and improved. In appropriate applications of railways, commercial aims and sustainability reinforce each other. Several ways of attracting passengers back to rail have already been applied successfully; the priority here is to focus firmly on what customers want. Sustainable transport presents a massive challenge to the political process, in economic, fiscal, social, and environmental areas. To achieve it, clashes of freedom will occur, internal and external social costs should be indicated to transport users, investment needs to be maintained, and cost-benefit analysis should be used better. For the covering abstract, see IRRD 885112.

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    OXFORD,   United Kingdom  OX2 6DP
  • Authors:
    • Reid, B
  • Publication Date: 1996


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 00729826
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-19-854934-2
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Dec 26 1996 12:00AM