Some results are presented of a study of possible effects of road pricing in the city of Berne in Switzerland. The authors decided to base their hypothetical road electronic pricing system on the no-congestion, no-charge system used at Cambridge (see IRRD 885096), but with the addition of the polluter-pays principle, which can be applied by levying an environment charge per km. Optimal taxes are calculated at the intersection of the demand curve and the full marginal social costs function, with the aim of reducing traffic to its optimal level in terms of congestion and environmental damage costs. A simple method was developed, and also a more accurate and sophisticated method, which was applied as a test to 15 different traffic relationships in south east Berne. The practical aspects of applying road pricing to Berne were also considered. To include all incoming and outgoing vehicles, electronic control stations, in the form of microwave beacons, must be installed, and some roads must be closed to traffic. Installation of electronic equipment, using smart cards, would be compulsory for all vehicles in the region, whose number is estimated at about 100,000. Some provisional values for charges are given, and some distributional problems are indicated. For the covering abstract, see IRRD 885092.


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 137-43

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00729815
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 3-909162-00-2
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Dec 26 1996 12:00AM