SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AS A GOAL IN URBAN TRANSPORT POLICIES

This paper discusses how the goal of sustainable development should influence transport policies. It first outlines some contemporary urban transport problems and causes of increased mobility. The successive stages of transport policy, in relation to mobility and prosperity, are: (1) more mobility promotes industrialisation and brings more prosperity; (2) more prosperity brings wider car ownership and more mobility; (3) doubts whether more mobility brings more prosperity lead to transport policies aimed at qualitative growth, and especially environmental measures; and (4) doubts whether more prosperity should bring more mobility lead to pressures for reduced demand for transport. Approaches to reducing the demand for transport can be classified into moral appeal, command and control, technological, and economic strategies. The author argues that the first three strategies will not be able to reach the goals of environmental policy or sustainability in time. Economic instruments should be preferred, because they are ecologically more effective and economically more efficient. Internalisation of external costs is the best of these in principle but quite difficult to realise. Other instruments include the regulation strategy, permits, carbon taxes, and road pricing. For the covering abstract, see IRRD 885092.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 22-3

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00729807
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 3-909162-00-2
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Dec 26 1996 12:00AM