ON THE STRUCTURAL AND MATERIAL PROPERTIES OF MAMMALIAN SKELETAL MUSCLE AND ITS RELEVANCE TO HUMAN CERVICAL IMPACT DYNAMICS

The absence of constitutive data on muscle has limited the development of models of cervical spinal dynamics and the understanding of the forces developed in the cervical spine during impact injury. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to characterize the structural and material properties of skeletal muscle. The structural responses of the tibialis anterior of the rabbit were characterized in the passive state using the quasi-linear theory of viscoelasticity (r = 0.931 circa 0.032). In passive muscle, the average modulus at 20% strain was 1.75 circa 1.18, 2.45 circa 0.80, and 2.79 circa 0.67 MPa at test rates of 4, 40 and 100 cm.s (super -1), respectively. In simulated muscle, the mean initial stress was 0.44 circa 0.15 MPa and the average modulus was 0.97 circa 0.34 MPa. These data define a corridor of responses of skeletal muscle during injury, and are in a form suitable for incorporation into computational models of cervical spinal dynamics. (A) For the covering abstract of the conference see IRRD 882980.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 203-14

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00729432
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Institute for Road Safety Research, SWOV
  • ISBN: 1-56091-741-5
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Dec 26 1996 12:00AM