DEVELOPMENT OF PORTABLE TESTER FOR MEASURING SKID RESISTANCE AND ITS SPEED DEPENDENCY ON PAVEMENT SURFACES

Skid resistance is an important factor in a rational maintenance program for pavement surfaces. Therefore, the skid resistance of a road surface is monitored by maintaining skid resistance inventories; in addition, spot checks are made at high accident sites. The equipment, called the dynamic friction tester (DF tester), is a disc-rotating-type tester that measures the friction force between the surface and three rubber pads attached to the disc. The disc rotates horizontally at a linear speed of about 80 to 20 km/hr under a constant load, so the DF tester can measure the skid resistance at any speed in this range with a single measurement. At the same time, the results provide speed dependency of skid resistance that will be as close as possible to the results obtained by other testing modes. The DF tester can measure on flat as well as rutted surfaces, the depths of which are less than 6 mm. In that case, the coefficient of variation is found to be less than 10%. The long-term characteristics of the coefficient of friction were measured by the DF tester, the British pendulum tester and the mini-texture meter. The coefficient of friction increases moderately with the traffic service period (up to 35 weeks) and decreases with increasing speed. The test results showed a significant speed dependency on the coefficient of friction measured by the DF tester although there was a high relationship between the coefficient of friction of the DF tester and the British pendulum number at each point and at each measuring speed. A weak relationship was found between the coefficient of friction and the sensor-measured texture depth values produced by the texture meter. Results of the Permanent International Association of Road Congresses experiment to compare and harmonize texture and skid resistance measurements indicate that the DF tester is capable of reporting the friction component (F60) of the international friction index using the friction coefficient at 60 km/hr.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 45-51
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00728486
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309059089
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Nov 25 1996 12:00AM