Modern marine terminal and port operations require a more up to date approach, both from the towage point of view as well as on the total berthing and unberthing operations. In this paper an innovative way of improving the efficiency and safety of marine operations, especially for oil terminals, container terminals and normal ports to keep the developments in line with the ever increasing demands generated by the need for world wide standardization of towage and mooring/unmooring operations is discussed. Although every port and terminal has its specific requirements, a high degree of standardization can be achieved by the introduction of new hardware and procedures for the above mentioned operations. The developments towards lower manning levels, both on board the vessels as well as on the tugs and ashore are a challenge for the marine service industry. The so called "both ends approach" is a first step to meet the requirements from the shipping and port/terminal industry. The paper describes a standardized approach which was generated via a unique co-operation between tug owners, operators of ports and terminals, shipowners and equipment suppliers. Three classes of tug have been developed in line with the standardized approach, based on extensive research on the future requirements for modern shipbuilding, taking into consideration economical-, manning- and safety aspects and the input of operators and crews of a wide variety of tugs, resulting in well balanced designs which guarantee a high degree of flexibility, low operational costs and utmost reliability.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • ITS '94, Intl Towage and Salvage Convention, 17-21 Oct 1994; Southampton, UK. Procs. Publ by Thomas Reed Publications, UK, ISBN 0 901281 58 1. Day 1, ppr 4, p 21 [7 p, 12 fig]
  • Authors:
    • Aarts, S O
  • Publication Date: 1994


  • English

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00728177
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: British Maritime Technology
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 4 1996 12:00AM