A time-history analysis of an elastic structure subjected to an earthquake can be computationally expensive due to the complexity and time duration of the earthquake. A response spectrum analysis of the structure can also be complex because the natural frequencies and mode shapes must be obtained and then the modal responses must be added together in some probabilistic manner. Previously generated artificial earthquakes typically consist of random oscillatory motion of significant time duration. In this work, an analytic earthquake consisting of variable frequency sinusoidal motion is used. The short time duration and the smooth response spectrum of the sine sweep lead to computational efficiency. It is demonstrated that the sine sweep earthquake, applied to an elastic structure, gives results that agree with those obtained using an actual earthquake. Furthermore, by varying the parameters of the sine sweep earthquake, various design spectra can be approximated. The sine sweep earthquake is shown to give consistent modal participation and therefore a time-history analysis using this short duration analytic earthquake can be confidently employed.

  • Corporate Authors:

    American Society of Civil Engineers

    345 East 47th Street
    New York, NY  United States  10017-2398
  • Authors:
    • Johnson, G R
    • Epstein, H I
  • Publication Date: 1976-5

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References;
  • Pagination: 9 p.
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00139292
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: ASCE #12109 Proceeding
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 16 1976 12:00AM