HUMAN AND ORGANIZATIONAL ERRORS IN LOADING AND DISCHARGE OPERATIONS AT MARINE TERMINALS: REDUCTION OF TANKER OIL AND CHEMICAL SPILLS. ENGINEERING TO MINIMIZE HUMAN AND ORGANIZATIONAL ERRORS
This project is concerned with the transfer of oil between the ship and cargo terminals. The two operations studied are the Chevron Long Wharf Terminal in Richmond, CA, and the Arco California, a VLCC in the TAPS trade between Valdez, AK and the Pacific West Coast. During transfer, the vessel's cargo system is connected to the shoreside cargo system by means of large loading arms or hoses. In a loading operation, oil is transferred from tanks on shore to the ship's cargo manifold in the arms or hoses, and then is distributed to the appropriate cargo tanks on board. In a discharge operation, oil is transferred from the ship's tanks out through the arms and to the storage facility on shore.
- See also PB96-185996 and PB96-187596. Sponsored by National Sea Grant Coll. Program, Silver Spring, MD.
University of California, BerkeleyBerkeley, CA United States 94720
- Stoutenberg, S
- Bea, R
- Roberts, K
- Publication Date: 1995-11
- Pagination: 127 p.
- TRT Terms: Cargo handling; Chemical spills; Human error; Loading and unloading; Marine terminals; Oil spill cleanup
- Old TRIS Terms: Discharge operations; Loading procedures; Oil spill control
- Subject Areas: Freight Transportation; Marine Transportation; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00730676
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Feb 3 1997 12:00AM