THE METHOD OF RESIDUES IN URBAN MODELLING

This paper seeks to extend the macrostatic approach to urban modelling by treating modelling problems as many-stage processes. Within such a process the early stages are concerned with explaining the relatively trivial characteristics of the phenomena of interest, and the later stages are devoted to explaining more important behavioural issues. Coleman (1964) calls this approach the "method of residues", and its power is first demonstrated here by a reinterpretation of the well-known gravity model. An ad hoc test of the method on the Toronto-centred region serves to emphasise the need for a more formal approach, and thus an analogy between the method and the bayesian viewpoint is introduced. A method of information minimising, more general but consistently and unambiguously related to the method of entropy maximising, is used to make the formal approach operational, and the method is used to generate an 'extended' family of spatial-interaction models. A number of spatial-interaction models are derived, and the paper is concluded by a test of two of these models on the Toronot-centred region. /Author/ /TRRL/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Pion Limited

    207 Brondesburg Park
    London NW2 5JN,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Batty, M
    • March, L
  • Publication Date: 1976-3

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 189-214
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00138908
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 17 1976 12:00AM