DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SHORTLINE RAILROADS AND STATE REGULATORS OVER THE EXTENT OF REGULATION

The conflict as to what regulations should be and are applied to shortline railroads causes continued disagreement between state regulators and the regulated railroads. The objective of this paper is to determine what influences the perspectives of shortline railroads and state regulators regarding the states' regulatory domain. Given that significant differences exist between the two perspectives, then identification of influential factors affecting these two perspectives allows for implementation of appropriate remedial measures. The method of achieving this goal is through the use of two multivariate regressions models: one for state regulators and one for shortline railroads. Responses from two national mail surveys of state regulators and shortline railroads indicating the perspectives of the states' regulatory domain are regressed against descriptive characteristics of the states' railroad industry and individual railroads, respectively. Independent variables included in the shortline regressions consist of a size variable, variables indicative of specific types of ownership, and variables signifying the classified type of railroad. The independent variables for the state regulator regressions include the average size of railroads in the state, average age of railroads in the state and the number of railroads operating in the state. In addition, the types of regulations investigated are classified into three categories including economic, safety and institutional regulations. The results indicate that corrective measures to remedy the differences in perspectives between state regulators and shortline railroads would be more effective if targeted towards shortline railroads, given the larger number of significant variables, and thus instruments, available. More specifically, greater emphasis should be placed on educational and informational efforts targeted at smaller railroads and those railroads owned by state and local government.

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    Transportation Research Forum

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  • Authors:
    • Jessup, E L
    • Casavant, K
    • Tolliver, D
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1994

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 379-388

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00727077
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Volume 1
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 17 1996 12:00AM