ANALYSIS OF WEDGE PENETRATION IN CLAY

A variety of devices designed to penetrate soil is used in soil engineering practice to measure soil properties or to emplace instrumentation, although the mechanics of the steady state penetration process is not well understood. Consequently the two-dimensional problem of steady state wedge penetration is examined. Solutions are obtained for wedge penetration in an ideal rigid plastic medium representing a clay. It is found that the solution requires the presence of a cavity behind the wedge, and the geometry of this cavity is established. A lower limit of the soil/wedge friction coefficient is derived, above which the wedge is considered rough. The force required to push the wedge is calculated as a function of wedge point angle and is shown to reach a minimum for a rough wedge at a point angle of about 67 degrees. For axisymmetric penetration some finite element solutions were obtained and show that cone and wedge penetration mechanisms are similar. The mechanism and patterns of flow movement past the wedge for different point angles are demonstrated. Practical implication of the results and their extension to axisymmetric cone penetration are discussed.(a) /TRRL/

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: p. 185-208
  • Serial:
    • GEOTECHNIQUE
    • Volume: 26
    • Issue Number: 1
    • Publisher: Thomas Telford Limited
    • ISSN: 0016-8505

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00138846
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 26 1976 12:00AM