The stress-strain behavior of frozen Manchester fine sand has been measured in a high-pressure low-temperature triaxial compression testing system developed for this purpose. This system incorporates DC servomotor technology, lubricated end platens, and on-speciment axial strain devices. A parametric study has investigated the effects of changes in strain rate, confining pressure, sand density, and temperature on behavior for very small strains (0.001%) to very large (>20%) axial strains. This paper presents constitutive behavior for strain levels up to 1%. On-specimen axial strain measurements enabled the identification of a distinct upper yield stress (knee on the stress-strain curve) and a study of the behavior in this region with a degree of precision not previously reported in the literature. The Young's modulus is independent of strain rate and temperature, increases slightly with sand density in a manner consistent with Counto's model for composite materials, and decreases slightly with confining pressure. In contrast, the upper yield stress is independent of sand density, slightly dependent on confining pressure (considered a second order effect), but is strongly dependent on strain rate and temperature in a fashion similar to that for polycrystalline ice. (A)

  • Corporate Authors:

    National Research Council of Canada

    1200 Montreal Road
    Ottawa, Ontario  Canada  K1A 0R6
  • Authors:
    • Andersen, G R
    • Swan, C W
    • Ladd, C C
  • Publication Date: 1995-6


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00726363
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transportation Association of Canada (TAC)
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Oct 28 1996 12:00AM