Mobile source emission models currently used by state and federal agencies (e.g., Environmental Protection Agency's MOBILE and California Air Resources Board's EMFAC) are often inadequate for analyzing the emissions impact of various transportation control measures, intelligent transportation systems, alternative fuel vehicles, and more sophisticated inspection/maintenance programs contained in most state air quality management plans. These emission models are based on the assumption that vehicle running exhaust emissions can be represented as integrated values for a specific driving cycle, and then later adjusted by speed correction factors. What is needed in addition to these "regional-type" mobile source models is an emissions model that considers at a more fundamental level the modal operation of a vehicle (i.e., emissions that directly relate to vehicle operating modes such as idle, steady-state cruise, various levels of acceleration/deceleration, and so forth). A new modal-emissions modeling approach that is deterministic and based on analytical functions that describe the physical phenomena associated with vehicle operation and emissions productions is presented. This model relies on highly time-resolved emissions and vehicle operation data that must be collected from a wide range of vehicles of varying emission control technologies. Current emission modeling techniques are discussed and the modeling approach and implementation plan for a new, three-year NCHRP Project entitled "Development of a Modal Emissions Model" are described.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 81-88
  • Monograph Title: Transportation-related air quality and energy
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00725658
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 309062152
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Sep 24 1996 12:00AM