A selected number of demonstration projects are described which were identified for funding by the Federal Highway Administration and the Urban Mass Transportation Administration. This study of 45 projects which were designed to demonstrate how the mobility of nonurbanized residents may be improved, provides information that will be useful to both federal and state governments in framing future policies and programs to meet the public transportation needs of rural areas. The projects represent a wide variety of schemes ranging from fixed-route, scheduled general services to an assortment of demand-responsive van operations and an institutionalized volunteer transportation concept. The New York, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Oklahoma, North Dakota, California, and Oregon projects reviewed here, indicate that the question of the provider of the service depends on many local conditions and experiences. The importance of the state's role as coordinator is emphasized. Localities must explore all existing transportation resources particularly because federal assistance programs will be service oriented and will emphasize improvement of services to meet the needs. Comments are made related to the planning required to develop service-oriented approaches. Comments are also made on the nature of the financing. The studies show that paratransit because of its ability to adapt to various needs, will contribute significantly to the effort to provide public transportation in rural and nonurbanized areas.

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    • Paratransit: Proceedings of a conference held November 9-12, 1975, conducted by the Transportation Research Board, and sponsored by the Urban Mass Transportation Administration.Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Authors:
    • Reichart, Barbara K
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1976

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  • Accession Number: 00138455
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Sep 4 1981 12:00AM