The article gives a brief history of roads in Armenia. A long 'royal road' ran through Armenia in the 6th century BC, and provided its main trade link. From 1907 to 1917, the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Russian Empire covered Armenia's road administration. In 1926, Armenia had 2626km of roads, of which 892km were international. Between 1933 and 1937, bitumen paving techniques were introduced. In 1937, there were 5700km of roads. Since then, the road network steadily increased, and the proportion of surfaced roads rose rapidly. By the end of 1975, 83% of national roads were surfaced, of which 56% were black paved. Unfortunately the 1988 earthquake, the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, and the later economic decline led to a severe curtailment of road building. The most important transport route in Armenia is the Iran-Yerevan-Batum road, which links Armenia to Iran and the Middle East countries in the south and to Georgia and the Black Sea ports from the north west. It runs through several mountain passes.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    World Road Association (PIARC)

    La Grande Arche, Paroi Nord, Niveau 5
    F-92055 La Defense Cedex,   France 
  • Publication Date: 1996-4


  • Undetermined

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  • Accession Number: 00725488
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Sep 26 1996 12:00AM