KNOXVILLE AND PORTLAND: TWO SUCCESSFUL COMMUTER POOLING PROGRAMS

The operational characteristics are examined of programs involving car pools, van pools and express bus services, and the findings are generalized to make them applicable to a number of U.S. urban areas. An innovative concept implemented in Knoxville is that of the urban transportation broker. This broker unites buyers and sellers, as well as has the goal of providing a level of service acceptable to the commuter at an unsubsidized fare the commuter will accept. Details are also briefly described of the express bus system, the van pooling venture at the Tennessee Valley Authority, and commuter ride-sharing programs in Knoxville. The major conclusions are listed of an extensive analysis of the commuting needs of Knoxville workers in which their use of public transportation and the economics of alternative forms of transport were examined. Portland's carpool program which consists of 3 phases (employer-based programs, general public promotion and matching, and incentives) is outlined. Issues centering on legality have suppressed the potential of pooling programs. Until social and legal institutions are altered, traffic can be accommodated by 2 methods: construct new facilities and increase vehicle occupancy. The latter approach offers the best return on investment and excellent door-to-door service.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Paratransit: Proceedings of a conference held November 9-12, 1975, conducted by the Transportation Research Board, and sponsored by the Urban Mass Transportation Administration.Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Authors:
    • Pratsch, Lew
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1976

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 55-62
  • Monograph Title: PARATRANSIT
  • Serial:

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00138443
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Sep 4 1981 12:00AM