EFFECTS OF ENERGY SHORTAGES ON THE WAY WE LIVE

Major changes in patterns of energy use are expected to alter the life styles of people in highly industrialized societies like the U.S. To cope with more costly and scarcer energy supplies, consumers have three options: use energy more effieiently; reduce energy consumption; and switch to cheaper, more abundant energy sources. Trends in energy consumption are examined for the transportation and building sectors. Transportation uses 25% of all energy consumed, and more than 50% of all petroleum consumed. The humber of cars has grown an average of 4% annually in recent years. At the same time, average fuel economy has desreased at a slow but constant rate. It is predicted that consumers will shift to smaller, more efficient cars; reduce nonessential driving; own fewer cars and live closer to work and shopping areas. Considering energy consumption in buildings, space heating is the biggest end use. The homeowner can reduce the energy used for space conditioning by altering operating procedures; changing equipment; and modifying the building itself. Home energy use can be curbed by 27% by upgrading thermal efficiencies and resetting thermostats; these changes do not cause decreases in the standard of living or significant alterations in life style. Government policy alternatives are discussed, including advisory, incentive, and mandatory policies. It is concluded that consumers can reduce their total energy consumption by 20 to 30% without major hardships or changes in patterns of living. /BYB/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Government Printing Office

    Superintendent of Documents
    Washington, DC  USA  20402-9325
  • Authors:
    • Morris, D H
  • Publication Date: 1976-6

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00138171
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: #946
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 23 1976 12:00AM