INFLUENCE OF TRAVEL TIME DISTRIBUTION ON SHORT TERM FORECASTINGS OF FREEWAY FLOWS

An analysis has been carried out in order to study the distribution of travel times between on-off ramps and the speed distribution along road sections. The first relevant result is that a travel time distribution really exists which is very similar to some statistical distributions. The second result is that the parameters of the distribution depend on some independent variables such as: type of vehicle, features of the way, day, hour, length of road section, flow. In order to define the most reliable distribution of travel time to consider in forecasting models, a lot of studies have been carried out about these distributions by using statistical methods and filtering techniques. Then it is possible to predict the off-ramps flow according to the features of traffic and to the in-ramps flow which can be measured or predicted itself. A model has been developed in order to predict traffic flow in a point of the network based on these concepts. This model has been tested in the case of the Italian freeway A4 (Venezia-Trieste). This approach allows to consider a lot of partially unknown random variables by using the speed distribution obtained from historical and actual data, and to create a much more realistic forecasting model. (A) For the covering abstract see IRRD 877041.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 11-20

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00722330
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-86050-283-X
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Jun 28 1996 12:00AM