PRO-ACTIVE PROCESSING: THE HALLMARK OF EXPERTISE

The author considers that a substantial proportion of an expert driver's expertise is aquired vicariously, under off-road conditions and that this knowledge can be instilled in the student if he develops and practises mental models that bring this information into functional contact with output plans for vehicle control. This can be applied to many aspects of expertise including scanning strategies, perceptual analysis and perceptual fluency and risk assessment. The author is particularly concerned with the control of dynamic processes. A broad approach is used based on a variety of models and paradigms. Rasmussen's model of skill-based, rule-based and knowledge-based behaviour is examined in relation to driving behaviour in the novice and expert. The use of mental models in predicting behaviour and the pro-active capability of experts are discussed. For the covering abstract see IRRD 876074.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Taylor & Francis

    4 Park Square, Milton Park
    Abingdon,   United Kingdom  OX14 4RN
  • Authors:
    • KIRSNER, K
  • Publication Date: 1995

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 259-74
  • Monograph Title: FATIGUE AND DRIVING. DRIVER IMPAIRMENT, DRIVER FATIGUE AND DRIVING SIMULATION

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00722290
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0748402624
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jun 28 1996 12:00AM