California has the most serious air pollution problem in the United States, particularly in the Los Angeles/Orange County region. In its effort to achieve national and state ambient air quality standards the California Air Resources Board (CARB) recently adopted low-emission vehicle regulations, which call for a small percentage of zero-emission vehicles by 1998. These vehicles will likely be electric-powered, which not only have zero tailpipe and evaporative emissions, but also do not deteriorate over time (which is a significant source of emissions from conventionally-fueled vehicles). Powerplant emissions due to the increased use of electricity are often cited as a concern. The CARB staff have calculated that the powerplant emissions associated with electric vehicles in California represent only a small fraction of the emissions from conventional vehicles and that the new benefit is substantial. The United States government has passed the Energy Policy Act of 1992, of which one goal is to encourage the development and commercialization of electric vehicles. The Act authorizes significant amounts of funding for research and development projects, tax incentives, infrastructure development, and commercial demonstration projects. The California government has been very active in supporting the successful introduction of electric vehicles by 1998. The CARB continues to evaluate the developments in technology, vehicle/battery performance, and energy efficiency, and to coordinate with other state agencies on issues related to battery recycling, electric vehicle incentives, and recharging infrastructure. Several public/private partnerships have also been formed to create an advanced transportation industry in California, including electric vehicles. The CARB will continue to encourage the progress needed to make electric vehicles a reality.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 34-38
  • Serial:
    • IATSS Research
    • Volume: 17
    • Issue Number: 2
    • Publisher: International Association of Traffic and Safety Sciences
    • ISSN: 0386-1112

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00721546
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-042 045
  • Created Date: May 28 1996 12:00AM