Pedestrian casualty rates are higher in Scotland than in England, which in turn has higher rates than in many other European countries. This paper presents the results of an investigation into pedestrian casualties, commissioned by the Scottish Office. The research aimed to: (1) analyse the pedestrian casualty problem in Scotland, and identify the main areas where Scotland differs significantly from England and Wales; (2) determine the most significant factors in Scotland's pedestrian accidents; (3) identify why pedestrian accident rates are higher in Scotland; and (4) recommend appropriate practical and/or policy measures. The paper reviews the factors underlying pedestrian injury, and provides a statistical analysis to compare Scottish districts with other British districts. The effects of age, time of year, and time of day on accident rates were analysed. The analysis indicated that the casualty rate differences are largely associated with differences in pedestrian exposure to traffic, resulting from different levels of car ownership. There was some evidence of differences in the level and effectiveness of road safety programmes in different places. Recommendations are made about measures for improving the safety of children and old people, reducing speed, and improving traffic control.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Her Majesty Stationary Office

    49 High Holborn
    London WC1V 6HB,   England 
  • Authors:
    • HARLAND, D G
    • Christie, N
  • Publication Date: 1996


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00726654
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-7480-5144-9
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Oct 28 1996 12:00AM