SUBSIDIES TO ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES IN TWELVE EASTERN STATES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Through a variety of programs, state governments, local governments, public utilities, and the federal government mandate or encourage the use of alternative (i.e., nonpetroleum) transportation fuels and alternative fuel vehicles. These programs include vehicle purchase mandates, demonstration programs, tax incentives, and rebate programs. These programs generally subsidize alternative fuel and vehicle producers, suppliers, and users at the expense of others, such as state taxpayers, highway users, and utility rate payers. The costs of these programs are substantial. This paper expands existing information by examining alternative fuel and vehicle subsidy programs in twelve eastern states and the District of Columbia. The paper covers the major programs, estimates subsidy values, identifies the types of programs involving the largest subsidies in these states, and identifies likely payers. The study defines subsidy broadly to include direct cash payments, indirect payments (including tax credits and deductions), preferential treatment derived from environmental requirements, and market mandates. The report organizes each state's subsidies into three categories: federal unfunded mandates/budget impacts of federal programs, state/regional/local subsidy programs and utility subsidy programs.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Policy Analysis and Strategic Planning Department.
  • Corporate Authors:

    American Petroleum Institute

    1220 L Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20005-4070
  • Authors:
    • Perkins, J
  • Publication Date: 1995-9

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 189 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00727053
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Res. Study #080, Pub. No., R-69199
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 9 1996 12:00AM