SUBSIDIES TO ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES IN TWELVE EASTERN STATES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Through a variety of programs, state governments, local governments, public utilities, and the federal government mandate or encourage the use of alternative (i.e., nonpetroleum) transportation fuels and alternative fuel vehicles. These programs include vehicle purchase mandates, demonstration programs, tax incentives, and rebate programs. These programs generally subsidize alternative fuel and vehicle producers, suppliers, and users at the expense of others, such as state taxpayers, highway users, and utility rate payers. The costs of these programs are substantial. This paper expands existing information by examining alternative fuel and vehicle subsidy programs in twelve eastern states and the District of Columbia. The paper covers the major programs, estimates subsidy values, identifies the types of programs involving the largest subsidies in these states, and identifies likely payers. The study defines subsidy broadly to include direct cash payments, indirect payments (including tax credits and deductions), preferential treatment derived from environmental requirements, and market mandates. The report organizes each state's subsidies into three categories: federal unfunded mandates/budget impacts of federal programs, state/regional/local subsidy programs and utility subsidy programs.
- Policy Analysis and Strategic Planning Department.
American Petroleum Institute1220 L Street, NW
Washington, DC United States 20005-4070
- Perkins, J
- Publication Date: 1995-9
- Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 189 p.
- TRT Terms: Alternate fuels; Budgeting; Federal assistance programs; Federal government; Impacts; Incentives; Local government; Public utilities; State government; Subsidies; Taxes; Vehicles
- Uncontrolled Terms: Federal programs; Rebates; Utilities
- Geographic Terms: Eastern States; Washington (District of Columbia)
- Subject Areas: Economics; Finance; Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Society; Vehicles and Equipment; I10: Economics and Administration; I72: Traffic and Transport Planning;
- Accession Number: 00727053
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: Res. Study #080, Pub. No., R-69199
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Oct 9 1996 12:00AM