THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF RURAL HIGHWAY BYPASSES: IOWA AND MINNESOTA CASE STUDIES
Highway bypasses around rural communities in heavily traveled transportation corridors are viewed as a highly cost effective method of improving traffic flow along non-interstate transportation routes. However the bypassing of a central business district raises concerns among merchants and residents over possible adverse impacts to their businesses. After providing a historical perspective to the role of rural bypasses, this paper uses several approaches to assess the impacts of rural highway bypasses. First, the effect on overall retail sales in bypasses communities is examined by comparing retail sales to cities without bypasses for comparable periods. Next, the total sales are decomposed into categories or classes of retail sales to analyze the impacts upon different types of businesses that may be attributed to the bypass. Finally, the effects of the bypass on individual merchants is examined through a personal survey of business operators in these bypass communities, assessing their attitude to the bypass impacts.
- Funded by Iowa Department of Transportation and Midwest Transportation Center.
Midwest Transportation CenterIowa State University, 2521 Elwood Drive, Suite 125
Ames, IA United States 50010
- Otto, D
- Anderson, C
- Publication Date: 1995-1
- Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 70 p.
- TRT Terms: Attitudes; Businesses; Bypasses; Central business districts; Data collection; Economic impacts; Impacts; Managerial personnel; Retail trade; Rural areas; Rural highways; Sales; Surveys
- Geographic Terms: Iowa; Minnesota
- Old TRIS Terms: Bypass highways
- Subject Areas: Economics; Finance; Highways; Society; I10: Economics and Administration;
- Accession Number: 00726013
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: Final Report
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Sep 25 1996 12:00AM