AUTOMATED HIGHWAY SYSTEMS PRECURSOR SYSTEMS ANALYSIS. INSTITUTIONAL AND SOCIETAL ISSUES

The Automated Highway System (AHS) program component of the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) is a broad national effort to provide the basis for, and transition to, the next major performance upgrade of the U.S. vehicle/highway system, through the use of automated vehicle control technology. As part of the Analysis Phase, the Precursor Systems Analysis (PSA) was performed to identify issues and risks associated with the AHS. This report addressed part of Activity Area "O" for Institutional and Societal Issues. In this activity area, many areas were researched, including: previous research, focus group research/conduct/analysis, and institutional issues. The early tasks involved the review of literature and presentations on institutional concerns as they relate to the AHS. Later tasks developed focus groups that raised concerns and allowed for "trial ballooning" of potential solutions of such concerns. A representative collection of the current research in the area of institutional issues facing AHS and ITS in general was compiled and reviewed. A primary focus of the research was to identify public reaction to AHS concepts wherever possible, and also refer to those studies and reports that addressed ITS issues as well as AHS. A finely tuned Focus Group Survey Instrument, used in focus group sessions representing a broad range of constituencies, allowed for the FHWA to see first hand how the institutions and people who have to make AHS a reality really think about the issues. A flexible survey instrument was designed which can be used in local dissemination of the final AHS technology. This can be used for a broad range of audiences, with opportunities to tailor elements of the survey to particular groups (e.g., emergency response personnel). AHS will have significant effects upon interstate commerce. Institutional issues relating to commercial operators and those that enforce safety and economic regulations on the operators will be chief among those with critical potential problems stemming from deployment of AHS. How those costs are allocated between industry and the different levels of government, and the effect of the costs on user fee and tax programs are key institutional issues. As the intelligence and instrumentation of the system moves from mostly "in the roadway" to mostly "in the vehicle", costs shift from the public sector (the usual financier of roadways) to the private sector (the usual financier of vehicle purchases).

  • Corporate Authors:

    BDM Federal, Incorporated

    1501 BDM Way
    McLean, VA  United States  22102-3204

    Federal Highway Administration

    Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, 6300 Georgetown Pike
    McLean, VA  United States  22101
  • Authors:
    • Martin, M R
    • Horan, T A
  • Publication Date: 1996-1

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 141 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00725582
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA-RD-96-046, Resource Materials
  • Contract Numbers: DTFH61-93-C-00200
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Sep 16 1996 12:00AM