MEN AND WOMEN BEHIND THE WHEEL. NEW DATA ON ACCIDENT RISKS - SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES, CAUSES AND ROAD SAFETY MEASURES

MAEN OCH KVINNOR BAKOM RATTEN. NYA DATA OM DERAS OLYCKSRISKER - LIKHETER OCH OLIKHETER, ORSAKER OCH TRAFIKSAEKERHETSAATGAERDER

Three-fourths of car drivers involved in accidents are men. This is explained by the fact that they drive more than women do. Per mileage, men and women run the same risk of being involved in an accident involving personal injury of either the driver or somebody else within or outside the car. Men face a slightly higher risk than women of being involved in accidents where someone else is injured. Women have a slightly higher risk of accidents where they themselves are injured. These results reflect averages for the Swedish driving population according to its sex distribution as regards driving experience. However, men and women differ in fact in driving experience; men drive twice the annual mileage. There is a correlation between driving experience and accident frequency per kilometer driven: the greater the driving experience, the fewer the number of accidents per kilometer driven. Nevertheless, when men and women with the same amount of driving experience, the same age, and the same period of time as licensed drivers are compared, men are involved in 1.45 times more accidents per kilometer than women. The explanation for this can be found in gender/sex differences in attitudes and behaviour. According to a vast amount of research results, newly licensed men rapidly develop an exaggerated confidence in their driving ability. This affects their driving style and leads generally to higher speeds, more overtakings and passings, less inclination to yield to other road users, and a higher degree of tailgating - as compared to the general driving style of women. (A)

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Statistiska Centralbyraan

    Fack
    Stockholm,   Sweden 
  • Authors:
    • SPOLANDER, K
  • Publication Date: 1992

Language

  • Swedish

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: 20 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00725256
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • ISBN: 91-618-0518-1
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Sep 26 1996 12:00AM