CRASHWORTHINESS: MIDSIZE UTILITY VEHICLES CRASHWORTHINESS EVALUATIONS
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) evaluated the crashworthiness of six 1996 midsize utility vehicles. The major component of the comparisons is each vehicle's performance in a 40 mph frontal offset crash test, in which slightly less than half of the width of the front end hits a deformable barrier made of crushable aluminum honeycomb. Three aspects of crashworthiness are assessed in the Institute's offset crash test: how well vehicle structure manages crash energy to limit occupant compartment damage; risk of injury measured with a 50th percentile male Hybrid III dummy in the driver seat; and how well the safety belt and air bag perform and interact with the steering column, driver seat, and other vehicle parts to control dummy kinematics (movement). The vehicles evaluated along with their twins are: Toyota 4Runner; Land Rover Discovery; Ford Explorer; Jeep Grand Cherokee; Isuzu Rodeo/Honda Passport; and Chevrolet Blazer/GMC Jimmy/Oldsmobile Bravada. None of the six vehicles earned a "good" overall evaluation.
Arlington, VA United States 22201
- Publication Date: 1996-4
- Features: Photos; Tables;
- Pagination: 16 p.
- TRT Terms: Air bags; Bumpers; Crashes; Crashworthiness; Defects; Deployable head restraints; Dummies; Headrests; Impact tests; Injuries; Kinematics; Manual safety belts; Midsize automobiles; Performance evaluations; Structures; Testing
- Uncontrolled Terms: Structural damage
- Subject Areas: Bridges and other structures; Highways; Research; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment; I95: Vehicle Inspection;
- Accession Number: 00724886
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- Report/Paper Numbers: HS-042 146
- Files: HSL, TRIS, USDOT
- Created Date: Aug 16 1996 12:00AM