This report covers the findings of a study that addresses two key questions: 1) What are the unique capabilities, utility requirements, and uses of light trucks? and 2) Do these consumer requirements and other regulatory requirements constrain the ability to improve light truck fuel economy? The capabilities of lights trucks that are notably superior to those of passenger cars are referred to as enhanced capabilities of light trucks. Five enhanced capabilities are identified, qualified and quantified: load carrying (passengers); load carrying (weight); load carrying (volume); towing; and off-road operation. Utility requirements are treated as the functions and capabilities that truck buyers need. Public domain survey data are used to identify utility requirements for both personal and commercial uses. Two major surveys, the 1992 Truck Inventory and Use Survey (TIUS) and the 1990 Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS), are used to identify and quantify the actual uses of light trucks for both personal and commercial purposes. Observations on the relationships between light truck capabilities and fuel economy are based on manufacturer specifications and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) fuel economy ratings for a sample of model year 1994 light trucks. Existing fuel economy studies are referenced to identify potential fuel economy technologies for model years 1998 through 2006. The estimated fuel economy gain for implementation of each fuel economy technology is also presented. Potential conflicts between the application of each fuel economy technology and light truck enhanced capabilities, future emissions and safety standards, and consumer choice attributes are presented.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Volpe National Transportation Systems Center

    55 Broadway
    Cambridge, MA  United States  02142

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    Office of Planning and Consumer Programs, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Church, R
    • Jain, Kamal Kant
    • Little, C
    • Moavenzadeh, J
    • O'Donnell, J
  • Publication Date: 1996-4


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: 112 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00723777
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-808 378
  • Contract Numbers: PPA # HS-527
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jul 8 1996 12:00AM