This document presents a set of preliminary guidelines for the human factors aspects of in-vehicle crash avoidance warnings; that is, how information is displayed to the driver and how the device is operated. The guidelines contain a section addressing generic system requirements, which are intended to be applicable across all crash avoidance warning devices, as well as four sections addressing specific types of crash avoidance warning devices: blind spot warning devices, backup warning devices, driver alertness monitoring devices, and headway warning devices. Major topics addressed include: multiple levels of warning, unique imminent crash warning signals, dual modality for imminent crash warnings, non-specificity to sensor or display technology, warning prioritization, compatibility with driver behaviors, warning message content, device status and controls, and minimization of nuisance warnings. These guidelines are intended to serve several purposes: 1) to outline the features and functional requirements that any crash avoidance warning device, or collection of devices, should meet in order to perform adequately, regardless of the type of sensing technology employed; 2) to uncover those areas where additional research is required in order to define optimal criteria; 3) to propose recommendations that will anticipate and avoid many of the problems that can come about if warning products are designed in a piecemeal fashion; 4) to define issues explicitly so that they can be reviewed and debated by specialists within the human factors and IVHS communities.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Comsis Corporation

    8737 Colesville Road
    Silver Spring, MD  United States  20910

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

    Office of Crash Avoidance Research, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Lerner, N D
    • Kotwal, B M
    • Lyons, R D
    • Gardner-Bonneau, D J
  • Publication Date: 1996-1


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 186 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00723752
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-808 342
  • Contract Numbers: DTNH22-91-C-07004
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jul 2 1996 12:00AM