PRECURSOR SYSTEMS ANALYSES OF AUTOMATED HIGHWAY SYSTEMS. ACTIVITY AREA A -- URBAN AND RURAL AHS ANALYSIS

Implementation and daily operations of an Automated Highway System (AHS) are anticipated to be different in a rural or intercity environment as opposed to the urban environment. Variations of these environments will be manifested in the field, including fringe areas of heavily populated urban areas and small population centers along an intercity, otherwise rural, environment. Work in this activity area identified and analyzed the technical and operational differences of these environments and drew conclusions regarding the implementation of AHS when considering the three system concepts. Due to the broad scope of this activity area, it sets the stage for many of the activity areas in the overall project. Thus, this work is considered to have a high priority. The implementation of AHS presents the opportunity to positively affect the single most important transportation issue identified in the course of the study--traffic safety. The effect of even a partially automated system, with collision avoidance and lane following features, would be to reduce urban and rural freeway accidents by a minimum of 30% and 25%, respectively. Accident reductions of this magnitude would eliminate approximately 71,000 accidents per year and $700 million in accident costs.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Battelle Memorial Institute

    505 King Avenue
    Columbus, OH  United States  43201

    Federal Highway Administration

    1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Preston, H
    • Holstein, J
    • Ottesen, J
    • Hoffman, P
  • Publication Date: 1995-11

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 170 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00722524
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Federal Highway Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Resource Materials, FHWA-RD-95-043
  • Contract Numbers: DTFH61-93-C-00195
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jun 13 1996 12:00AM