The paper examines what can be done to solve the essentially urban traffic problem in the UK, without transferring it elsewhere or damaging opportunities for people in rural areas. It analyses data from the National Travel Survey to explore the distributive effect of petrol price rises in urban and rural areas, and discusses the policy implications of these findings. It seems that people in rural areas are more likely to own cars and drive them longer distances. Car ownership among low income groups is much higher in rural areas. In each income band, the distance travelled by main car drivers is greater the more rural the area. Adaptability to use more public transport is much harder in rural areas. The problem facing transport policy makers with respect to rural areas is that available pull policies are generally locally based, being mainly infrastructure based, and push policies are generally nationally based and fiscal. Thus fiscal policies could discourage car use, but most expense would be needed in rural areas to provide suitable alternatives. Push policies are broadly classified into: (1) congestion road pricing; (2) increase petrol tax; (3) increased vehicle tax; (4) fuel rationing; (5) graduated petrol pricing; and (6) physical restraint, including traffic calming, road closures, speed limits, and enforcement.

  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Oxford

    Transport Studies Unit, 11 Bevington Road
    Oxford,   United Kingdom  OX2 6NB
  • Authors:
    • Stokes, G
  • Publication Date: 1995-3


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: 41 p.
  • Serial:
    • Issue Number: TSU REF: 836

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00722374
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Jun 28 1996 12:00AM