A simple four-parameter elasto-plastic model describes the non-linear volumetric behaviour of freshly deposited cohesionless soils in hydrostatic and one-dimensional compression. It expresses the tangent bulk modulus as a separable function of the current void ratio and mean effective stress using natural strains. Specimens compressed from different initial formation densities approach a unique response at high stress levels - the limiting compression curve (LCC) - which is linear in a double logarithmic void ratio-effective stress space. The model describes irrecoverable, plastic strains which develop throughout first loading and represent mechanisms ranging from particle sliding and rolling at low stresses to crushing - the principle component of deformation for LCC states. The three input parameters describing plastic deformation can be readily estimated from a hydrostatic or one-dimensional compression test loaded to high stress levels; the elastic bulk modulus requires accurate small strain measurements in unloading. The model can be further simplified at low stress levels where compressive behaviour is controlled primarily by the formation density. Input parameters for a wide range of cohesionless soils are presented from which it is possible to infer the effects of particle mineralogy, size, grading and shape on compressibility. The model gives excellent predictions of measured compressive behaviour over a wide range of stresses and densities, and provides a useful basis for the construction of hardening rules for generalized constitutive models. (A)

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Thomas Telford Limited

    London,   United Kingdom 
  • Authors:
    • Pestana, Juan M
    • Whittle, A J
  • Publication Date: 1995-12


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 611-31
  • Serial:
    • Volume: 45
    • Issue Number: 4
    • Publisher: Thomas Telford Limited
    • ISSN: 0016-8505

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00720828
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: May 24 1996 12:00AM