CAR CRASH THEORY AND TESTS OF AIRBAG BUMPER SYSTEMS

A frontal barrier crash at 48.5 km/h and a moving rigid barrier crash at 48.5 km/h into the side of a stationary car were carried out at the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety's Vehicle Research Center. Frontal and side preinflated airbag bumpers were used. This is a preliminary simulation of an airbag bumper system with the needed airbag inflation triggered by radar sensing of the approaching threat. The frontal airbag bumper had a high pressure airbag at 221 kPa and 23 cm thick imbedded on the outboard side of a low pressure airbag at 20 kPa. The inboard side of this airbag was against the original car bumper, with a thickness of an additional 61 cm at the center line, for a combined thickness of the prototype airbag bumper of 84 cm. The low pressure airbag ruptured as expected in the frontal crash, with the airbag bumper absorbing about 19 percent of the energy of the crash. This was due to excessive penetration into frontal structures. In the side crash, the high pressure airbag at 76 kPa and 20 cm thick was used alone, also with excessive penetration into yielding side structures. The implications for needed airbag bumper design and vehicle airbag bumper support structures, and inter-vehicle compatibility, are noted. (A) For the covering abstract of the conference see IRRD 875833.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00719803
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Institute for Road Safety Research, SWOV
  • ISBN: 1-56091-622-2
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Apr 26 1996 12:00AM