OFFSET FRONTAL COLLISIONS: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND ANALYSIS OF UMTRI (UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE) AND NASS (NATIONAL ACCIDENT SAMPLING SYSTEM) CRASH INJURY DATA - CDC (COLLISION DEFORMATION CLASSIFICATION), AIS (ABBREVIATED INJURY SCALE) AND BODY AREA INJURIES

Using the Collision Deformation Classification (CDC) (SAE J224), a comparison of the National Accident Sampling System (NASS) data and the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI) field accident files (UM series) indicates a similar distribution of offset frontal crashes. Offset frontal damage occurs in 56-61% of crashes, often involving more than one third of the front of the car. Lap-shoulder belted drivers sustain more Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) 2 or greater injuries when there is interior intrusion. These injuries occur more often when the offset damageis in front of the driver. However, this may well be due to the severity of the crash. European studies have no uniformity as to offset frontal collision descriptors are difficult to interpret, or to compare one to another. (A) For the covering abstract of the conference see IRRD 875833.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00719793
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Institute for Road Safety Research, SWOV
  • ISBN: 1-56091-622-2
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Apr 26 1996 12:00AM