BIOMECHANICS OF LATERAL IMPACTS FOR NEARSIDE BELTED FRONT-SEAT CAR PASSENGERS -- REQUIREMENTS FOR AN OPTIMUM OF INTERIOR SHAPING

An analysis was made of 382 lateral collisions to nearside belted passengers. Representative traffic crashes were investigated in a statistical spot-check plan directly at the site of the accident by a team of scientists. Of the nearside sitting passengers in collisions with no intrusion, 64.9% were injured and no injury severity above MAIS 2 was registered. Where intrusion did occur, 59.1% of the nearside sitting passengers were injured and 4.3% of the injuries were above MAIS 2. Intrusion was always observed with injuries above MAIS 2. For the different body regions, with the exception of neck injuries, a higher injury risk was present in an impact involving intrusion. The most frequently injured body regions in lateral collisions are the head (23.5%), the upper extremities (14.3%), the thorax (13.3%), and the lower extremities (10.7%). Severe injuries were not seen in side impacts with intrusion of less than 20 cm. It is concluded that increased interior side door padding is necessary, and padding in a z-direction to the side door structure could provide more compatibility with the height of the impacting front of the striking car. For the covering abstract of the conference see TRIS 00663162.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00719382
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-041 729
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Mar 6 2000 12:00AM