EUROPEAN FEDERATION AND TRANSPORT POLICY: LESSONS FROM AUSTRALIA

As the pressure for effective federation grows in Europe, transport policy raises many problems because transport is one of the most important contacts between countries. Experience in transport under the Constitutions of other Federal States, and their inherent political undertones, provide examples of problem-solving in the transport sector. Such past experience increases the understanding of the difficulties which have arisen, and will continue to arise in the newer Federations of Europe. There are lessons that can be drawn from Australian experiences after 95 years of federation. First, there will be inevitable centralists forces in transport policy in federation. Second, federalism will only work if the Federal Government has financial leverage over the States with respect to transport. Third, uniformity of transport regulations will be both inevitable and complex to install. Fourth, strong protectionist elements will remain active and effective despite constitutional guarantees about free trade. Finally, the Australian experience of interstate trade demonstrates that decision on such matters cannot be left to legal minds, unable to comprehend the economic objectives and effects of national constitutions. (A)

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Istituti Editoriali e Poligrafici Internazionali

    Via Ruggero Bonghi, 11/B
    Rome,   Italy  00184

    Instituti Editoriali e Poligrafici Internazionali

    Via Giosue Carducci 60, Ghezzano
    La Fontina,   Italy  56010
  • Authors:
    • WILLIAMS, A W
    • KOLSEN, H M
  • Publication Date: 1995-10

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00718024
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 20 1996 12:00AM