This study evaluates the economic benefits of the Federal Government's Black Spot Program. The study assesses the crash reduction benefits of a variety of road engineering treatments based on a sample of 254 projects drawn from all states and territories. Results are presented using both crash-type and crash-severity methods of costing road crashes. Crash reduction factors which provide an estimate of the potential of various treatments to reduce crashes of specific types have also been estimated. Overall, the decrease in injury crashes at the sample sites was over two- and-a-half times what could have been expected on the basis of general comparable crash trends in various jurisdictions over the relevant period. Fatalities fell by one-third, people hospitalised by two-thirds, and a number in need of medical treatment by one-half. It was estimated using the crash-type method of costing crashes that the Black Spot Program projects from the Schedule of Acceptable Treatments (costing $244.7 million) had an overall net present value (in 1992 dollars) of $791.8 million and a benefit-cost ratio of 3.9. Benefit-cost ratios calculated using the same crash costing method ranged from 2.6 to 13.4 for various treatments. The results of the evaluation strongly suggests that the Program has achieved its aim of improving safety at locations with a history of crashes involving death or serious injury. (a)

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    GPO BOX 84
    CANBERRA, ACT  Australia  2601
  • Publication Date: 1995


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00717834
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • ISBN: 0-644-45238-2
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 20 1996 12:00AM