CAR-TO-CAR SIDE IMPACTS

The present work addresses the problem of injuries following car-to-car side collisions. The injuries in this type of impact have been evaluated to form the basis for the development of test methods and for the principles of protective systems. Side impacts give rise to relatively more severe injuries than frontal impacts. The study has shown that the neck and the legs of the struck side occupant need to be better protected due to a high risk of permanent disabilities. The head, chest and abdomen/pelvis need to be better protected from a risk of life-threatening injuries. It has also been found that chest injuries increase significantly with age. Improved protection in side impacts can be achieved with car body/door reinforcement and compliant bolstering (padding and/or airbag) on the inside of the door. In order to develop and evaluate the principles of such protective systems, a subsystem sled test method that simulates full-scale test conditions has been developed. The principle finding in the study was that protective in side impacts must be softer than the corresponding human body segments. This was best accomplished with a ventilated side airbag for the chest and the abdomen (down to the armrest level) and padding for the pelvis and the leg. The proposed "curtain" will further enhance the head/neck protection. (A)

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF INJURY PREVENTION

    GOETEBORG,   Sweden  S-412 96
  • Authors:
    • HAALAND, Y
  • Publication Date: 1994

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: 123 p.
  • Serial:
    • CTH THESIS
    • Publisher: CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF INJURY PREVENTION

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00717808
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • ISBN: 91-7032-878-1
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Mar 20 1996 12:00AM