THE THEORETICAL BASIS FOR COMPARING THE ACCIDENT RECORD OF CAR MODELS

The accident records of different car models can be compared statistically, provided that accident data will allow the make and model of accident-involved cars to be identified are collected on a national scale; this has been done in Great Britain since 1989. This paper considers the theoretical basis for comparing safety and shows that, because of the lack of detailed exposure data, the most which can currently be achieved is to measure the level of secondary safety (also known as crashworthiness). Based on mathematical considerations, it is shown that the best measure of secondary safety of a particular model is the proportion of drivers who are injured when involved in a two-car accident where one or other driver is injured. In order to minimize bias, this proportion should be adjusted statistically to allow for the influence on the accident data of factors such as type of road and age of driver.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Elsevier

    The Boulevard, Langford Lane
    Kidlington, Oxford  United Kingdom  OX5 1GB
  • Authors:
    • Broughton, J
  • Publication Date: 1996-1

Language

  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00716343
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-041 964
  • Files: HSL, TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Feb 6 1996 12:00AM