Mathematical modelling conducted in this study evaluated the hydrodynamic performance of a wave-driven artificial upwelling device in ocean waves off the Hawaiian islands. The device consisted of a buoy (4.0 m in diameter) and a tail pipe (1.2 in diameter, 300 m in length) with a flow controlling valve. Random ocean waves off the Hawaiian islands used in the device's modelling analysis were synthesized from a wave spectrum obtained from available data. For comparison, the device's performance was also evaluated in regular waves whose height and period are the same as the significant wave height and wave period of random Hawaiian waves. Modelling results indicated that an upwelling flow of 0.95 m3/sec can be generated in regular waves. A simple mathematical model which assumed that the device exactly follows the incident waves was used in previous studies. Analysis results also indicated that the simple model cannot satisfactorily simulate the relative velocity and acceleration of the water column in the device. Since the relative velocity and acceleration are important factors in determining the rate of upwelling flow, the simple model must be applied with caution.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Ocean Engng, v 22 n 4, May 1995, p 337 [14 p, 19 ref, 1 tab, 9 fig]
  • Authors:
    • Clark, C
    • Liu, C K
    • Jin, Q
  • Publication Date: 1995


  • English

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00717248
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: British Maritime Technology
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 4 1996 12:00AM