This study was an attempt to develop severity indices (SIs) for various fixed objects that are impacted when vehicles leave the roadway. The objectives of the study were two-fold, including both the development of new indices with recent data from two states and the exploration of methodological issues related to statistical modeling and a literature-based exploration of unreported crashes. Both a severe injury SI and a cost-based SI were developed for a wide range of crash situations using data from both North Carolina and Illinois, where injury could be more precisely linked to the specific object struck. While the final SI indices developed were not categorized by exactly the same control variables for the two states, the values of the indices were, in general, moderately consistent between the states. Findings from North Carolina and Illinois were also consistent to a significant degree with SIs developed earlier by Mak, et al., using Texas data. In the limited sample of airbag-related impacts with guardrails, trees, and utility poles, it appears that the airbag will significantly reduce the value of the SI, and that the reduction could range from 30 to 70%. Additional future research is needed on the effects on SIs of both airbags and unreported crashes.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Also sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

    Highway Safety Research Center
    Chapel Hill, NC  United States  27599

    Federal Highway Administration

    Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, 6300 Georgetown Pike
    McLean, VA  United States  22101
  • Authors:
    • Council, F M
    • Stewart, J R
  • Publication Date: 1995-9


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 68 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00720081
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FHWA/RD-95/165
  • Contract Numbers: DTFH61-91-Y-30062
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Apr 5 1996 12:00AM